Kardo Rajagukguk, Arysca Wisnu Satria


Biogas is a gas produced from decomposition of organic matter by microorganisms in anaerobic conditions. The problems that are mainly from the development of biogas technology are the high levels of H2S and CO2 in biogas which become an obstacle in the application of biogas directly because it can lead to corrosive components of energy conversion equipment (generator sets) and can reduce the heating value in biogas combustion. The aim of the paper is to design a biogas purification device using Calcium Hydroxide Ca(OH)2, Iron Oxide (Fe2O3), Zeolite, and Activated Carbon in the biogas which are designed according to the characteristics of the biogas installation in Indonesia. From experimental results the percentage of methane gas content increased from 52.5% to 90.2% after purification. Ca(OH)2 solution can be used for adsorbent to increase methane gas levels and reduce CO2 levels in biogas. Fe2O3 iron powder can be used to reduce the levels of H2S content in biogas so that it can increase methane gas content and is safe to use on generator engines.Zeolite and Activated Carbon can increase methane gas levels and reduce the moisture content and CO2 contained in the biogas so that when the biogas is applied to the generator engine. The power generated in the generator engine using biogas fuel that has been purified is greater than that which has not been purified


Biogas Purification, Calsium Hydroxide Ca(OH)2, Hydrogen Sulfide (Fe2O3), Zeolite, Activated Carbon

Full Text:



K. Aditya Et Al., “Pemurnian Biogas Dari Kandungan Hidrogen Sulfida,” Vol. 1, No. 1, Pp. 389–395, 2012.

I. M. Mara, “Analisis Penyerapan Gas Karbondioksida ( Co2) Dengan Larutan Naoh Terhadap Kualitas Biogas Kotoran Sapi,” J. Keilmuan Dan Terap. Tek. Mesin, Vol. 2, No. 1, Pp. 38–46, 2012.

P. Iovane, F. Nanna, Y. Ding, B. Bikson, And A. Molino, “Experimental Test With Polymeric Membrane For The Biogas Purification From Co2 And H2s,” Fuel, Vol. 135, Pp. 352–358, 2014.

A. A. I. . S. K. Komang Metty Trisna Negara, Tjokorda Gde Tirta Nindhia, I Made Sucipta, I Ketut Adi Atmika, Dewa Ngakan Ketut Putra Negara, I Wayan Surata, “Pemurnian Biogas Dari Gas Pengotor Hidrogen Sulfida (H2s) Dengan Memanfaatkan Limbah Geram Besi Proses Pembubutan,” J. Energi Dan Manufaktur, Vol. 5, No. 1, Pp. 33–41, 2013.

F. Osorio And J. C. Torres, “Biogas Purification From Anaerobic Digestion In A Wastewater Treatment Plant For Biofuel Production,” Renew. Energy, Vol. 34, No. 10, Pp. 2164–2171, 2009.

M. Harasimowicz, P. Orluk, G. Zakrzewska-Trznadel, And A. G. Chmielewski, “Application Of Polyimide Membranes For Biogas Purification And Enrichment,” J. Hazard. Mater., Vol. 144, No. 3, Pp. 698–702, 2007.

N. Tippayawong And P. Thanompongchart, “Biogas Quality Upgrade By Simultaneous Removal Of Co 2 And H 2 S In A Packed Column Reactor,” Energy, Vol. 35, No. 12, Pp. 4531–4535, 2010.

R. Y. Abdullah Saleh, Dede Anugrah Permana, “Pengaruh Komposisi Adsorben Campuran (Zeolit-Semen Putih) Dan Waktu Adsorpsi Produk Gas Metana Terhadap Kualitas Biogas Sebagai Bahan Bakar Alternatif,” J. Tek. Kim., Vol. 21, No. 3, Pp. 1–6, 2017.

A. M. Montebello Et Al., “Simultaneous Methylmercaptan And Hydrogen Sulfide Removal In The Desulfurization Of Biogas In Aerobic And Anoxic Biotrickling Filters,” Chem. Eng. J., Vol. 200–202, Pp. 237–246, 2012.

D. Widhiyanuriyawan, N. Hamidi, And C. Trimandoko, “Purifikasi Biogas Dengan Variasi Ukuran Dan Massa Zeolit Terhadap Kandungan Ch4 Dan Co2,” J. Rekayasa Mesin, Vol. 6, No. 1, Pp. 27–32, 2017.

S. S. Ningrum, A. Mindaryani, And M. Hidayat, “Absorpsi Co 2 Pada Biogas Dengan Larutan Methyldiethanolamine ( Mdea ) Menggunakan Kolom,” Pp. 1–6, 2017.

A. Altway, N. Suwarno, W. N. Eldien, And I. Wenda, “Kajian Teoritis Pemisahan H 2 S Dalam Biogas Secara Absorbsi Reaktif Ke Dalam Larutan Fe-Edta Menggunakan Packed Column Theoretical Study Of H 2 S Separation From Biogas By Reactive Absorption Into Fe-Edta Solution In Packed Column.”

M. S. Horikawa, F. Rossi, M. L. Gimenes, C. M. M. Costa, And M. G. C. Da Silva, “Chemical Absorption Of H2s For Biogas Purification,” Brazilian J. Chem. Eng., Vol. 21, No. 3, Pp. 415–422, 2004.

G. E. Prayugi, S. H. Sumarlan, And R. Yulianingsih, “Pemurnian Biogas Dengan Sistem Pengembunan Dan Penyaringan Menggunakan Beberapa Bahan Media The Biogas Purification By Condensation And Filtering System Using Several Materials,” Vol. 3, No. 1, Pp. 7–14, 2015.

A. Abdurrakhman, T. Soehartanto, And B. Sudarmanta, “Rancang Bangun Alat Purifikasi Biogas Dengan Menggunakan Cao Dan Water Scrubber ( Studi Kasus Plant Biogas ...,” Semin. Nas. Pascasarj. Xiii, No. 15 Agustus, 2013.

A. S. M. Magomnang, P. E. P. Villanueva, And D. Ph, “Removal Of Hydrogen Sulfide From Biogas Using A Fixed Bed Of Regenerated Steel Wool,” Pp. 14–17, 2015.

M. N. Hoque, S. K. Nandi, And H. R. Ghosh, “Asian Journal On Energy And Environment,” Assessment, Vol. 11, No. 01, Pp. 1–9, 2010.

I. W. Surata, T. G. T. Nindhia, I. K. A. Atmika, D. N. K. P. Negara, And I. W. A. E. P. Putra, “Simple Conversion Method From Gasoline To Biogas Fueled Small Engine To Powered Electric Generator,” Energy Procedia, Vol. 52, Pp. 626–632, 2014


  • There are currently no refbacks.

About the JournalJournal PoliciesAuthor Information
  • Focus and Scope
  • Editorial Board
  • International Peer Review
  • Open Access Statement
  • Sponsorships
  • Contact Us
  • Google Scholar Most Cited Paper
  • Publication Ethics
  • Peer Review Policy
  • Review Guideline
  • Archiving
  • Author Guidelines
  • Online Submission
  • Author Fee / Article Publication Charge
  • Plagiarism Policy
  • Article withdrawal
  • For Readers
  • For Authors
  • Journal History

Jurnal Teknik Mesin (JTM)
p-ISSN: 2087-3832
Published by: Program Studi Teknik Mesin, Fakultas Teknik Universitas Bandar Lampung
Office: Jalan Zainal Abidin Pagar Alam No 26, Bandar Lampung, Indonesia

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License
Technical Support by:  RYE Education Hub